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Tanbur Mohammadi

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The tanbur is plucked string instrument. It has two strings and because of this it is also called dotar (“do” means two in Persian and “tar” means string). However, in the province of Kerman Shah it is called tanbur and has three strings. The best documents about the history of this instrument are the paintings and descriptions in Farabi’s Musiqi al-Kabir (950 ). In this book, Farabi mentions the two kinds of tanbur; the tanbur of Khorasan and the tanbur of Baqdad. In Persia, there are eight different kinds of tanbur with different sound characteristics. They are: The tanbur of the eastern Khorasan, the Turkish tanbur of the Northern Khorasan, the Kormanji tanbur of the Northern Khorasan, the tanbur of Eastern Khorasan, the tanbur of Turkmen Sahara , the tanbur of Mazandaran, the Taleshi tanbur, and the tanbur of Kermanshah. The tanbur of the eastern Khorasan has the biggest sound box or bowl, and the Taleshi tanbur has the smallest sound box. The style of playing the tanbur is mostly similar in all different regions, but the personal styles and techniques of the players plus the different physical shapes of the different tanburs cause some differences in the produced sounds of these different tanburs. The most well- known tanbur players are: Hussein Samandari, Abdollah Sorur Ahmadi from the eastern Khorasan. Mohammad Hussein Yeganeh, Haj Gorban Solaymani, and Olya Qoli Yeghaneh of the Northern Khorasan. Nazarli Mahjubi from the Turkmen Sahara and Mohammad Reza Eshaqi from Mazandaran. Darvish Amir Hayati, Baba Qolam, and Amrollah Ebrahimi from the province of Kermanshah.

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ContentThe tanbur is plucked string instrument. It has two strings and because of this it is also called dotar (“do” means two in Persian and “tar” means string). However, in the province of Kerman Shah it is called tanbur and has three strings. The best documents about the history of this instrument are the paintings and descriptions in Farabi’s Musiqi al-Kabir (950 ). In this book, Farabi mentions the two kinds of tanbur; the tanbur of Khorasan and the tanbur of Baqdad. In Persia, there are eight different kinds of tanbur with different sound characteristics. They are: The tanbur of the eastern Khorasan, the Turkish tanbur of the Northern Khorasan, the Kormanji tanbur of the Northern Khorasan, the tanbur of Eastern Khorasan, the tanbur of Turkmen Sahara , the tanbur of Mazandaran, the Taleshi tanbur, and the tanbur of Kermanshah. The tanbur of the eastern Khorasan has the biggest sound box or bowl, and the Taleshi tanbur has the smallest sound box. The style of playing the tanbur is mostly similar in all different regions, but the personal styles and techniques of the players plus the different physical shapes of the different tanburs cause some differences in the produced sounds of these different tanburs. The most well- known tanbur players are: Hussein Samandari, Abdollah Sorur Ahmadi from the eastern Khorasan. Mohammad Hussein Yeganeh, Haj Gorban Solaymani, and Olya Qoli Yeghaneh of the Northern Khorasan. Nazarli Mahjubi from the Turkmen Sahara and Mohammad Reza Eshaqi from Mazandaran. Darvish Amir Hayati, Baba Qolam, and Amrollah Ebrahimi from the province of Kermanshah.Tanbur has epic, mythical and mystical characteristics and it is often used to accompany the narration of epics. This instrument has traveled far and wide in time and space and it has taken on different names and shapes. The neck and body of Tanbur is one whole piece similar to Setar. Between 10 to 15 frets are placed on Tanbur. Iranian Tanbur has 4 strings and as mentioned before is played without a pick. Based on 3 statues found in the ruins of Shoosh, Tanbur can be dated back to 1500 B.C. Persian Tanbur travelled through Iran and Syria to Turkey and Greece and further west to Egypt. The Egyptian version has an elliptical body. It is known that Tanbur was widely used during the Sasanid dynasty and even before that. Today, Tanbur is used in mystical circles to accompany the Darvishes’ chants and mantras and is usually accompanied by Daf on such occasions.Tanbur has epic, mythical and mystical characteristics and it is often used to accompany the narration of epics. This instrument has traveled far and wide in time and space and it has taken on different names and shapes. The neck and body of Tanbur is one whole piece similar to Setar. Between 10 to 15 frets are placed on Tanbur. Iranian Tanbur has 4 strings and as mentioned before is played without a pick. Based on 3 statues found in the ruins of Shoosh, Tanbur can be dated back to 1500 B.C. Persian Tanbur travelled through Iran and Syria to Turkey and Greece and further west to Egypt. The Egyptian version has an elliptical body. It is known that Tanbur was widely used during the Sasanid dynasty and even before that. Today, Tanbur is used in mystical circles to accompany the Darvishes’ chants and mantras and is usually accompanied by Daf on such occasions.We use cookies and similar tools that are necessary to enable you to make purchases, to enhance your shopping experiences and to provide our services, as detailed in our Cookie Notice. We also use these cookies to understand how customers use our services (for example, by measuring site visits) so we can make improvements. If you agree, we’ll also use cookies to complement your shopping experience across the Amazon stores as described in our Cookie Notice. This includes using first- and third-party cookies, which store or access standard device information such as a unique identifier. Third parties use cookies for their purposes of displaying and measuring personalised ads, generating audience insights, and developing and improving products. Click ‘Customise Cookies’ to decline these cookies, make more detailed choices, or learn more. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Cookie Preferences, as described in the Cookie Notice. To learn more about how and for what purposes Amazon uses personal information (such as Amazon Store order history), please visit our Privacy Notice.Setar is a string or stringed instrument. In these musical instruments a stretched vibrating string produces the initial sound. They are called Chordophones as well. "Setar" consists of "Se" and "Târ". The word "Tar" means string and the word "Se" means three in Persian and for this reason "Setar" means a stringed instrument with three strings. Setar is a plucked string instrument and and the right index finger nail is used as a plectrum to pluck or strum the instrument. Setar is a fretted string instrument, thus the instrument has frets that have been tied on the neck. Setar is one of the main instruments of Persian art music.Setar is a string or stringed instrument. In these musical instruments a stretched vibrating string produces the initial sound. They are called Chordophones as well. "Setar" consists of "Se" and "Tar". The word "Tar" means string and the word "Se" means three in Persian and for this reason "Setar" means a stringed instrument with three strings. Setar is a plucked string instrument and and the right index finger nail is used as a plectrum to pluck or strum the instrument. Setar is a fretted string instrument, thus the instrument has frets that have been tied on the neck. Setar is one of the main instruments of Persian art music.
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